Medicines Guide


After Transplant taking the provided medication is esenual to every recipient – here is a list of medication, which I take – also a brief out line of what each medicine does and the side effects some medicines May Cause.


1.    Azathioprine- (Anti- rejection)


Azathioprine is an immunosupressant drug used to prevent the bodies own immune system from rejecting the transplanted organ.


Common Side Effects


1.    Nausea/Vomiting.

2.    Loss of Appetite.

3.  Hair loss.

Cyclosporin- (Anti-rejection

Cyclosporin is a major transplant drug and again is an immunosupressant – The drug was introduced in 1984 and is used to neutralise the body’s own defence system against infections and foreign cells.

As the recipients immune system is affected it can take longer to fight off common infections such as the common cold.


Common side effects.

1.    Increased Body Hair

2.    Nausea

3.    Tremors

4.    Swelling Of Gums.

5.    Mood Swings (rare)

6.    Kidney and liver damage

Regular liver and kidney blood tests are taken to monitor the Cyclosporin in the blood!


Prednisolone –(Steriod- Anti rejection)

Prednisolone is a powerful corticosteriod and is used for a wide range of conditions such as rheumatic disorders, blood disorders and is also used as an anti rejection drug in transplant recipients.


Common Side Effects.

1.    Indigestion

2.    Acne

3.    Weight Gain

4.    Muscle Weakness

5.    Mood Changes/Depression

6.Fluid Retention (Swollen ankles or Feet)

7. Anxiety, nervousness. 



Nifedipine belongs to a group of drugs known as calcium channel blockers, which interfere



Common Side Effects.

1.    Headache

2.    Dizziness/Fatigue

3.    Flushing

4.    Ankle Swelling

5.    Frequency in passing Urine




Frusemide is a powerful, short acting loop diuretics, It is used to treat oedema (Fluid Retention) caused by heart failure, and certain lung and kidney disorders.

 Frusemide is particularly useful for persons who have impaired kidney function.


Common Side Effects.

1.    Potassium loss.

2.    Dizziness/ Nausea

   3.Noise in ears

  4. Muscle cramps



Amiodarone was introduced in the 1950’s and is used to treat a variety of abnormal heart rhythms (Arrhythmias. It works by slowing nerve impulses in the heart muscle.

 Amiodarone is given to prevent recurrent atrial and ventricular fibrillation and to treat Tachycardias.


Common Side Effects.


1.    Nausea/Vomiting

2.    Metallic taste in mouth

3.    Shortness of breath

4.    Headache

5.    Weakness and fatigue.


Lisinopril is known as an ace inhibitor and is used to widen vessels and arteries within the heart, it is also an affective drug used to control blood pressure and may decrease the risk of kidney problems in diabetics.

Common Side Effects

1.    Impaired white blood cell count

2.    Bone Marrow depression

3. Liver damage (Rare)



It is important to understand that every transplant recipient is different and individual drugs effect persons in different ways. This is a guide in medical terms to each of the drugs I take though I have only experienced a small number of the listed side effects!


Andrew Wilson





Transplants United (C)2005